DOUBLE BONDS AND TRIPLE BONDS
Lewis's concept of shared electron pair bonds allows for 4-electron double bonds and 6-electron triple bonds. Carbon dioxide (CO2) has two carbon–oxygen double bonds, and the octet rule is satisfied for both carbon and oxygen. Similarly, the most stable Lewis structure for hydrogen cyanide (HCN) has a carbon–nitrogen triple bond.
Multiple bonds are very common in organic chemistry. Ethylene (C2H4) contains a carbon–carbon double bond in its most stable Lewis structure, and each carbon has a completed octet. The most stable Lewis structure for acetylene (C2H2) contains a carbon–carbon triple bond. Here again, the octet rule is satisfied.